The Mugoba was sent to Florida from India in 1889 as part of a project to introduce a number of Indian cultivars to the US.
The mystery of Mulgoba is that the fruit do not resemble the ‘Mulgoa’ (without the ‘b’) of India, leading to speculation that the original tree sent was killed below the graft union in a hard freeze in 1895.
We tend to believe this as the likely explanation, as the original tree did not fruit until 1898.
It was grown near modern West Palm Beach under the care of Profesor Elbridge Gale for many years. After it began fruiting, it was recognized for its outstanding eating quality and was propagated by nurseryman in south Florida.
It also became the maternal parent of the Haden mango, which was a seedling from Mulgoba.
Thus most Florida mangos can trace their descendence to the Mulgoba.
The fruit is ovate in shape, small-to-medium-sized, and develops purplish-red blush with bright yellow background color on the skin. The pale-yellow flesh is very soft, fiberless, and quite rich and sweet with plenty of spice notes and just a hint of ‘coconut’. The seed is monoembryonic.
The fruit are unfortunately very prone to internal breakdown, especially if allowed to ripen on the tree.
The trees themselves are vigorous growers with dense, spreading canopy.
They are very fungal prone, often failing to fruit in interior areas and only suited for regions close to the coast.
The trees also have trouble blooming well in Florida’s climate, and usually require a strong cold stimulus to flower completely. Because of these issues, Mulgoba tends to produce very poorly here. It is a mid-season mango maturing mostly in July.